Some references about Kangas

Ali, Hassan O. and Kassim O. Ali.  Undated Swahili language and culture web site.  Available at:

Beck, Rose Marie.

–2005.  Texts on textiles: proverbiality as characteristic of equivocal communication at the East African

coast (Swahili).  Journal of African Cultural Studies, 17(2).  Pp. 131-160.

–2001.  Ambiguous signs: The role of the kanga as a medium of communication.  Afrikanistische

    Arbeitspapiere (AAP), 68.  Pp. 157-169.

–2000.  Aesthetics of communication: Texts on textiles (leso) from the East African coast (Swahili).

    Research in African Literatures, 31(4).  Pp. 104-124.

Fair, Laura.

–2001.  Pastimes and politics: Culture, community, and identity in post-abolition urban Zanzibar,

    1890-1945.  Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.

–1998.  Dressing up: Clothing, class and gender in post-abolition Zanzibar.  Journal of African

    History, 39.  Pp. 63-94.

Hanby, Jeannette and David Bygott.  1985.  Kangas: 101 Uses.  Nairobi: Lino Typesetters (K) Ltd.

Hongoke, Christine J.  1993.  The effects of khanga inscription as a communication vehicle in

    Tanzania.  Research Report no. 19.  Dar Es Salaam: Women Research and Documentation Project.

Linnebuhr, Elisabeth.  1992.  Kanga: Popular cloths with messages.  In Sokomoko: popular

culture in East Africa (Matatu No. 9), Werner Graebner, ed.  Atlanta, GA: Rodopi.  Pp. 81-90.

Vizetelly, Edward.  1901.  From Cyprus to Zanzibar by the Egyptian Delta.  London: C. Arthur

Pearson, Limited.

Yahya-Othman, Saida.  1997.  If the cap fits: Kanga names and women’s voice in Swahili

society.  Afrikanistische Arbeitspapiere (AAP), 51.  Pp. 135-149.

Younghusband, Ethel.  1910. Glimpses of East Africa and Zanzibar.  London: John Long, Limited.


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